of Food and nutritional status of North and South Korea and an estimation of
the food demand and potential production capacity after unification
Unification of the
Korean peninsula has long been the Korean people’s desired goal. Recently,
several signs of hope have spurred predictions within South Korea as well as
globally regarding an impending unification. To date, there have been debates
over estimates of the cost of a unification or post-unification administrative
organization, but specific research is lacking regarding food supply or food
security plans, which are fundamental to national management.
In May 2011 the Korea Food Security Research Foundation conducted
a year-long study with a research team formed by six experts, “Food Security
and Food Industry Development Strategy after Unification of the Korean
Peninsula.” Assuming the year of unification as 2015, their research forecast
the prospects of food production and food supply and demand on the Korean
peninsula immediately after unification and 10 years after unification by
analyzing the current food and nutrition statuses in the North and South.
Unlike previous studies, which were limited to agriculture, this research
estimated the food demand and potential production capacity after unification
by including food industries with agriculture and fisheries.
It is clear that
food-related issues will be one of the top priorities in a post-unification
government. It is necessary to establish concrete policies for food security
after unification in order to help reduce the dependency on food imports in
South Korea and to reverse the food shortage in North Korea. It is also
necessary to propose a direction for long-term food policies in order to manage
the changes in food trends and ultimately secure food sovereignty on the Korean
peninsula in a post-unification era. This book was written with the aim of
providing useful data that will contribute to such policymaking. It compiles
the research reports of the Korea Food Security Research Foundation and
includes reports of the discussion panels
from the “Seminar on Food Security and Food Industry Development Strategy after
Unification of the Korean Peninsula” held on July 3, 2012.